In order to welcome the Disaster Preparedness Day which falls on Thursday, April 26, the National Board of Zakat (Baznas) cooperates with the National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB) to campaign for the collection of zakat, infak and alms (ZIS) for disaster management

It was delivered in a talk show titled "Sharing through rescue team" at the Car Free Day (CFD) event Jakarta on Sunday (15/4/2018). Present as keynote speaker, Director of Baznas Disaster Response (Baznas Tanggap Bencana/BTB); Ahmad Fikri, Deputy of Prevention and Preparedness of BNPB, Bernardus Wisnu Widjaja; actress Annisa Malati and Stand-up Comic, M. Al Jupri.

"BTB is a Baznas program institute that is setted up for disaster management. Its presence has reached the regional BAZNAS. BTB with BNPB are campaigning to the community about the urgency of changing the disaster paradigm from response to prevention," said Ahmad Fikri.

He mentioned, BTB has various programs such as School River, School Safe Disaster, Village Disaster Response, BTB Goes to School, and so on.

"Coordinating with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and BNPB, BTB helped Rohingya refugees in Myanmar and Bangladesh, Asmat Papua crisis, Agung Bali Mount refugees, Jakarta and others floods, landslides and so on," Fikri said.

He added that during 2016 there were 2,342 disasters, it grew up to 35 percent compared to 2015. Toward the turn of the year, Fikri said quoting BNPB, the recapitulation of various events showed an increase in disaster in Indonesia. Based on the data collected, it shows that the number of disasters in 2016 reached 2,342 incidents. This number is the highest since the recording of disaster events in 2002.

"The number of disaster occurrences from the data has caused large number of people affected by the disaster. As recorded during 2017, there are 3.2 million refugees. The big number of refugees can increase the number of poor. Around 80 percent of people affected by this natural disaster in a status being poor again or ‘jamila', although previously they have been classified under the prosperous category," he said

Fikri explained that BAZNAS also encourages the realization of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

"To achieve the goal of SDGs which is zero poverty, can be realized through disaster risk reduction such as campaigning the disaster preparedness paradigm in the community. By this campaign, the number of affected people will decrease as they have been aware and ready to be alert when disaster occured," said Fikri.

Survey results in Japan in the Great Hanshin Awaji 1995 earthquake shows that the percentage of survivors in the duration of "golden time" is due to several things. he added

“First, self-preparedness is 34.9 percent. Second, the support of family members is 31.9 percent. Third, friends or neighbors 28,1%. Fourth, passerby 2.60 percent. Fifth, the rescue team is 1.70 percent. And the sixth, others are 0.90 percent,” fikri explained

"Based on the illustration, it is clear that the most decisive factor is the skill of the rescue knowledge possessed by the 'self', the family and the surrounding community," Fikri said.

Therefore, according to him, one of the capacity building of community awareness and preparedness in dealing with disaster is through educational program.

"This is what encourages Baznas to hold campaign and socialization, one of it is through talk show," he said.

This talk show program aims to improve the community capacity in mitigation and preparedness in facing the disaster arround them. With this, the community can take actions that can reduce the risk of disaster and understand what to do when a disaster occured. he added

"For Baznas as zakat-based philanthropy institution, this program can show the existence of institution in various form of distribution, so that it can increase public interest in channeling the funds to Baznas," said Fikri.

A paradigm shift

The same thing was conveyed by Deputy of Prevention and Preparedness BNPB, Bernardus Wisnu Widjaja who appeared with a paper titled "Building Disaster Preparedness Culture at Family and Community Level".

Bernard asserted, all elements of the general public and the ranks of government need to change the paradigm of disaster management from response to prevention (prevention).

"Our disaster paradigm has changed from response to preparedness, and the history of institutional transformation of disaster management has began after the tsunami disaster in Aceh in 2004," he said.

BNPB deputy explained, in the first phase of the year 2004-2009 is a period of strengthening the commitment related to national disaster management. Therefore, the government issued Law No. 24/2007 on Disaster Management with a mandate to establish BNPB at the central level and BPBD at regional level from province to district/city.

The task of BNPB is to develop inclusive policies related to disaster management or disaster mitigation and disaster response. This means that BNPB is mandated to coordinate with all ministries/agencies to implement disaster response policies.

"We can monitor all ministries / agencies to carry out the command, we monitor all ministries/institutional policies since Indonesia is a disaster supermarket so it needs to be carefully anticipated and integrated, and we should not only ask for help when a disaster happened," said Bernardus Wisnu Widjaja.

Besides to strengthening inter-institutional coordination and empowering the community element, Disaster management is also strengthen the planning or see the threat/potential disasters that lurk Indonesia hitherto.

Bernardus Wisnu Widjaja explained, BNPB has also served as a disaster laboratory since it was formed. Even many institutions and countries are learning about disaster management system at BNPB. Thus, the United Nations (UN) awarded the Global Champion to BNPB regarding the disaster management.

"Not only that, BNPB can provide ISO certification to institutions that are capable to observe the disaster management system," said Wisnu.

Starting from 2015-2019 BNPB was asked to increase effectiveness considering the average loss of disaster per year reached Rp 30 trillion. As experienced by some countries, the economic growth slumped immediately when they are not ready for disasters.

BNPB priority target in reducing disaster risk are; first, reduce infrastructure damage; second, reduce the number of losses suffered and the third reduce the number of people affected by the disaster.

In addition there are four BNPB action priorities for communities to understand disaster risks, strengthen disaster risk governance and management, invest in risk reduction, improve disaster preparedness for effective response. (rills/SAS/AKS)