• The study is a result of a household survey to explore the giving behavior of Muslim communities in Indonesia, especially in four cities namely Padang, Jakarta, Makassar, and Ternate.
  • Out of 500 respondents, 87.29% stated their willingness to donate via BAZNAS. From those people, the proportion of respondents who regularly donate each month is 28%. Most respondents (93%) use cash to do the donation. Meanwhile, there are more respondents who pay zakat annually than those who pay it monthly.
  • Motivation to donate, among others, are religious teachings and commands (23.26%), social solidarity (21.95%), pity (21.21%), trust to organizations collecting the donation (14.25%), and family habits (9.86%).
  • The higher the level of education of people who donate, the higher their awareness to the importance of a report on the fund they have donated. However, this result is only significant in Makassar and Padang. Compared to other cities, Jakarta has the most respondents who consider the report as important, while Makassar has the least.
  • There is a moderate association between respondents’ level of education and the chosen method of donation. Different levels of education affect respondents choice to the method of zakat payment. In general, the higher the education level of a respondent, the more likely he choose to pay zakat through organizations rather than to pay it directly to mustahik. Makassar is the city with the largest proportion of people who donate through organizations. On the contrary, Jakarta is a city with the lowest zakat preferences through institutions.
  • Jakarta is the highest ranked city whose people paying donations through online platforms. Instead, Makassar is the city whose people are the least likely to use online platforms as a donation method.

 

The Giving Behavior of Indonesian Muslim Communities: Survey in Four Cities

 

 

 

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