Paper presented at the 4th Asean Waqf Seminar (IQLIMI) 2017, Malaysia, 19–20th September 2017

​#    ​​​Title ​  Authors
​​ ​​​2017 ​ ​
​ 2017

 Strategic Role of Zakat in Disadvantaged Regions of Indonesia: Results From Survey 2016

Herlin Harmini, Abdul Ghafar Ismail,
Muhammad Hasbi Zaenal

 

Abstract

Zakat is one of the five pillars of Islam which has a function of faith, social and economic. Muslims who are able to pay it required to give at least 2.5% from their wealth. The problem of poverty prevalent in disadvantaged regions because of the difficulty of access to information and communication led to a gap that is so high in wealth and resources. The instruments of Zakah provide a paradigm in the achievement of equitable wealth distribution and healthy circulation. Zakah potentially builds a better life and enhance the quality of the human being. There is a human quality improvement not only in economic terms but also in spiritual terms such improving religious. This study aims to examine the role of zakah to alleviate humanitarian issues in disadvantaged regions which conducted in Sijunjung, one of zakat beneficiaries and disadvantaged regions in Indonesia. The researcher attempted a Cibest method to depict the impact of zakat beneficiaries before and after becoming a member of ZCD Program in material and spiritual value. The overall analysis shows that Zakat has a positive impact on disadvantaged regions development and enhance the quality of humanitarian. There is an enhancement in the average mustahik household incomes after becoming a member of ZCD Program. Cibest model demonstrates that Material, spiritual, and absolute poverty index decreased by 10, 5, and 6 percent. Meanwhile, the welfare index is increased by 21 percent. These findings have important implications for humanitarian issues in disadvantaged regions in Indonesia.

Keywords: zakat, humanitarian issues, disadvantaged regions, cibest model, Indonesia

JEL Classification: D02; D14; D64; G21; G23

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