In the last decade, the zakat administration worldwide has emerged tremendously. According to the World Zakat Forum (WZF) data, since its establishment, country membership participation has increased rapidly from 10 members in 2010 to 40 country members in 2021. Hence, the future of zakat management will face many complexities and challenges.

However, with the enormous growth of zakat institutions, the zakat funds collection still far from its potential. Referring to the study from the Islamic Research and Training Institute (IRTI) of the Islamic Development Bank (IsDB), the global potential of zakat collection approximately reach US$50 billion to US$600 billion annually, whilst the entire collection of zakat funds go about US$10 billion to US$15 billion per year. Therefore there is a vast gap between the potential and its entire collection.

Many studies found that lack of supervision and poor governance become primary factors that affect a low collection of zakat funds. Hence, to overcome this circumstance, in 2017, WZF and its members and stakeholders have set up the Zakat Core Principles (ZCP), which aims to provide and encourage zakat institutions worldwide to have minimum supervisory and governance approach in zakat management.

Thus, in 2021 the WZF Research and Development Unit has successfully designed a scientific measurement framework, namely World Zakat Performance Indicators (WZPI). The purpose of the WZPI formulation is to identify the zakat management’s performance based on relevant variables such as supervisory control and internal performance of zakat administration in the selected country. Hence, through this public expose, the WZF introduces the dimensions, variables, and indicators of the WZPI to the public in general, particularly the zakat institutions under the WZF, to understand better appraising the performance of zakat institution.

 

Rep: Puskas BAZNAS